Jargon Buster

There is lots of jargon used in education - words, shortforms, phrases, etc. There are also lots of things we may use in reports which may be confusing. We hope the following will help you. Scroll down to see more.

ABA Applied Behavioural Analysis
ADD Attention Deficit Disorder
ADHD Attention Hyperactivity Deficit Disorder
ADOS Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule
AFL Assessment for Learning
ALN Additional Learning Needs
APD Auditory Processing Disorder
AQA Examination Board
ARP Additional Resource Provision
ASD/ASC Autistic Spectrum Disorder
AST. Advanced Skills Teacher
BESD Behavioural, Emotional & Social Difficulties
BSL British Sign Language
BSP Behaviour Support Plan
CAF Common Assessment Framework
CAMHS Child and Adult Mental Health Service
CARS Childhood Autism Rating Scale
CATs Cognitive Ability Test
CF Cystic Fibrosis
C&G City & Guilds Examination and Accreditation Board
CIN Child In Need
CLA Child Looked After (used to be LAC)
CP Cerebral Palsy
CP Child Protection
CPD Continuing Professional Development
CYP Children & Young People
DD Disability Discrimination
DfE Department for Education
DT Design Technology
DSA Disabled Student Allowance
EA Education Act
EAL English as an Additional Language
EBD Emotional Behavioural Difficulties
ECS Education Children's Services
EDEXCEL Pearson Edexcel - Examination Board 
EHCP Education Health Care Plan
EFL Evidence For Learning (an app that allows school and home to share photographs and videos of pupils achievements)
ELC Entry Level Certificate
EP Educational Psychologist
EVC Educational Visits Co-ordinator
EWO Education Welfare Officer
FDT. Food Design Technology
FE Further Education
FNS Functional Numeracy Skills
FSM Free School Meals
GCE GCE Advanced Level
GCSE General Certificate of Secondary Education
HI Hearing Impairment
H.T. Headteacher
HLTA Higher Level Teaching Assistant
HYDRO Hydrotherapy
JCQ Joint Qualifications Council
KS 1 Key Stage 1 students aged 5-7 years (years 1-2)
KS 2 Key Stage 2 students aged 7-11 years (years 3-6)
KS 3 Key Stage 3 students aged 11-14 years (years 7-9)
KS 4 Key Stage 4 students aged 14-16 years (year 10-11)
KS 5 Key Stage 5 students aged 16-19 years (Years 12-14) (Sixth Form)
LA Local Authority
LBH London Borough of Hillingdon
MALT Maths Assessment for Learning and Teaching
MDT Multi Disciplinary Team
MFL Modern Foreign Language
MHS Meadow High School
MLD Moderate Learning Difficulties
MSI Multi Sensory Impairment
NARA Neale Analysis of Reading Ability
NC National Curriculum
NCES National Council for Special Education
NCFE Examination and Accreditation Board
NGRT New Group Reading Test
NQT Newly Qualified Teacher
NVQ National Vocational Qualification
OCD Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
OCR Examination Board
ODD Oppositional Defiant Disorder
OFSTED The Office for Standards in Education
OFQUAL The Office of Qualifications and Examinations Regulation
OT Occupational Therapist
OTT Overseas Trained Teacher
PD Physical Disability
PCLA Previously Child Looked After
PDA Pathological Demand Avoidance
PDD Pervasive Developmental Disorder
PE Physical Education
PECS Picture Exchange Communication System
PEP Personal Education Plan (only for CLA (Children Looked After))
PEEP Personal Emergency Evacuation Plan
PHP Positive Handling Plan
PLIMS Personal Learning Intentions Map
PMLD Profound & Multiple Learning Disabilities
PPF Pupil Premium Funding
PRU Pupil Referral Unit
PSHE Personal, Social and Health Education
PSHCE Personal, Social, Health and Citizenship Education
PT Physiotherapist or PHYSIO
RA Risk Assessment
RE Religious Education
RS Religious Studies
RWI Read Write Inc. (A phonics based reading system)
SALT Speech & Language Therapist
SEMH Severe Emotional and Mental Health
SEN Special Educational Needs
SENCO Special Educational Needs Co-Ordinator (in a Mainstream School)
SEND Special Educational Needs and Disability
SLCN Speech, Language & Communication Needs
SLD Severe Learning Difficulties
SLT Senior Leadership Team
SNO Special Needs Officer
SpLD Specific Learning difficulty
STEM (subects) Science, Technology, Engineering & Maths
TA Teaching Assistant
TAF Team Around the Family
VI Visual Impairment
VMI Visual Motor Integration
WEX Work Experience
WOW World of Work
WJEC WJEC/Eduqas Examination Board
WRL Work Related Learning


National Curriculum Levels

What do they mean?

There are eight National Curriculum levels, covering the ages 5-14 years. The lowest is Level 1, which describes the achievements of children at around the age of five. The highest is Level 8, which is attained by the most able pupils at the age of 14.

There is also a description of ‘exceptional performance’ above Level 8, which only a very few pupils are expected to reach.

High School students who pass GCSE at grade C have achieved level 7.

Some children will be working below level 1 of the National Curriculum. They are assessed according to P scales. P scales exist for all National Curriculum subjects, including the non-core curriculum subjects of personal social and health education (PSHE) and religious education (RE). There are eight levels of performance, with each describing some of the important knowledge, skills and understanding that pupils may gain from the programmes of study of the National Curriculum. Children do not undergo any formal assessment or testing and, unlike the National Curriculum, the awarding of a P level is left to the judgement of staff. It’s expected that teachers will use their knowledge of the child, consider the contexts in which learning takes place and gather evidence from a variety of sources to support their decisions and to make a ‘best-fit judgement’ based on everyday activity and continual monitoring and assessment.
At KS4 and above the students will be involved in Options Groups and will only be following specific subjects or courses. The other courses will become not applicable. (n/a)